Legend for laundry on clothing labels

Each textile product manufactured under factory conditions has a label with symbols that help to determine the characteristics of care for it. Adherence to the conditions of care for the textile makes it possible to extend the service life of the product and prevent its premature wear and deterioration.


The symbols and their meanings are established by the international standard ISO 3758: 2012.

Contents:
  • Contents on the garment labels
  • Symbols for clothing labels
  • Symbols for washing
  • Recommendations for delicate washing
  • Symbols for marking bleaching
  • Symbols for drying
  • Symbols for natural drying
  • Machine drying notes
  • Symbols for ironing
  • Symbols for professional cleaning
  • ConditionalDry chemical cleaning designations
  • Symbols for wet cleaning
  • Labels on clothing labels

Basic transportOn the garment labels

Basic conventions are symbols that indicate operations that can be performed with textiles.

Basic operations and symbols for t

heir designation:

Wash symbol Washing
Drying symbol Drying
Symbol for ironing Ironing
Bleaching symbol Bleaching
The symbol for the designation of professional cleaning Professional cleaning

In addition to the base symbols, the following symbols are also used on the clothing labels:


Symbol operation should be conducted in delicate mode Operation must be carried out in a delicate mode
Symbol operation should be carried out in a particularly delicate mode Operation must be in a particularly delicate mode
Symbol prohibition of the operation Prohibition onOperation

Symbols for washing

The number on the basic wash symbol indicates the maximum permissible water temperature in which washing is possibleInsert the product.

Symbol prohibiting washing No wash of product
Wash symbol Laundry allowed
Symbol washing at water temperature up to 95 degrees Wash at water temperature up to 95 degrees. Allowed to wash with boiling. Do not use caution when washing. Usually used on labels of linen and cotton products
Symbol washing at water temperature up to 60 degrees Wash at a water temperature of up to 60 degrees. A label with this designation is used for marking colored products from thin cotton and polyester with high-temperature resistant colors.
Symbol washing at water temperature up to 40 degrees Wash at a water temperature of up to 40 degrees with neutral detergents. The designation marks the products of their polyester, cotton, knitted fabrics, as well as viscose products
Symbol washing at water temperature up to 30 degrees Wash at a water temperature of up to 30 degrees with neutral detergents. Basic mode of woolen products suitable for washing in a washing machine
Handwash symbol It is allowed to wash manually only. The product can not be pressed and rubbed, subjected to other types of mechanical action. The water temperature for hand washing should not exceed 30-40 degrees.
The delicate wash symbol Delicate( gentle washing).The product can not be subjected to intensive machining.
Especially delicate wash symbol Particularly delicate washing with maximum amount of water, minimal machining, fast rinsing

Recommendations for delicate washing

If you see one horizontal line under the wash base symbol, then you need to observe the following conditions:


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  • fill the drum of the washing machine with a maximum of 2/3 of the maximum permissible value;
  • reduce the torsion speed of the washing machine drum;
  • to reduce the speed when spinning to the average values ​​(if the spinning is done manually, observe the maximum accuracy).

If there are two horizontal lines under the "Wash" symbol, then the conditions are as follows:

  • fill the drum of the washing machine with a maximum of 1/3 of the maximum permissible value;
  • reduce the torsion speed of the drum of the washing machine;
  • to reduce the speed when spinning to the minimum values, and also to reduce the spin time( when washing manually, the textile should be wrung out without twisting, and if drying conditions permit it is better to refuse pressing at all).

Bleaching symbols

The symbol of whitening is forbidden. Bleaching of textiles prohibited
Bleaching symbol Whitening with any oxidizing bleaches allowed
The whitening symbol is allowed with restrictions Bleaching allowed with restrictions( use only non-chlorinated / oxygen-containing bleaching agents)
The bleaching symbol with chlorinated bleach is allowed Bleaching with chlorinated bleaches allowed

Symbols for drying

Drying of textiles can be both naturalAnd machine. Typically, the symbol of drying is indicated on the clothing label in the event that the drying of the product requires compliance with special conditions. If the product can be dried in any way, the drying icon on the label you most likely will not find.

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Natural drying names

Symbol drying is forbidden Drying prohibited
Drying symbol Drying allowed
The symbol for drying the product in an upright position One vertical strip indicates drying of the product in a vertical position
Symbol of drying without preliminary pressing in vertical position Two parallel vertical strips - drying without preliminary pressing in a vertical position
Symbol drying on the horizontal flat plane in straightened condition One horizontal line is used to indicate the drying of the product on a horizontal level plane inExpanded state
Symbol of drying on the horizontal flat plane in straightened condition without preliminary pressing Two horizontal lines in a square - it is recommended to dry on a horizontal flat plane in straightened outstate without pressing

If in the upper left corner of the square with any designation has oblique line - it is recommended to dry the textile product exclusively in the shade.

Machine drying marks

The symbol of drying in a tumble dryer is forbidden Drying in tumble dryer is prohibited
Drying symbol in the dryer is allowed Drying in dryer is allowed
A symbol of delicate drum-drying at a reduced temperature of 60 degrees Circle with one point in the middle means delicate drum drying at a reduced temperature( 60 degrees), with reduced amount of loaded laundry, and also reduced cycle time
Symbol of conventional drying at a temperature of 80 degrees CircumferenceWith two dots in the middle denotes that conventional drying at 80 degrees is allowed
The symbol to wring out / unscrew a textile product is prohibited. Pressing / unscrewing a textile product is prohibited

Symbols for bothValues ​​for ironing

The symbol can not be ironed Ironing of articles is prohibited
Symbol for ironing Valet allowed
The symbol can be ironed up to 110 C One point in the base iron indicates the possibility of ironing a textile article iron, the sole of which is heated to 110 degrees temperature( synthetic fabric - Nylon, acrylic, acetate)
The symbol can be ironed up to a temperature of 150 ° C two points - the maximum temperature of the soleplate should not exceed 150 degrees(wool, viscose, silk, polyester)
The symbol can be ironed up to 200 C three points - the temperature of the soleplate when ironing of about 200 degrees( cotton and flax)
The symbol of steam is not allowed. Stripping smoking

Symbols for professional Numki

professional cleaning may be dry( dry cleaning) and wet( aqua cleaning).Operations for the professional cleaning of textiles are carried out only in the conditions of special institutions.

On the clothing labels to indicate the type of recommended professional cleaning notation is used not only in the form of geometric shapes, but also alphabetic. Latin alphabet letters have the following meaning:

  • «P» - can be used for the cleaning agent perchlorethylene( Perchloroethylene);
  • «W» - Wet cleaning is allowed( Wet);
  • "A" - it is possible to use any type of chemical( Any);
  • "F" - cleaning is allowed by flammable means( Flammable).

Symbols Chemical( dry) cleaning

Dry cleaning symbol is forbidden Dry-cleaning is prohibited
The symbol for the designation of professional cleaning Dry-cleaning is allowed
Symbol cleaning with perchlorethylene conduct textile cleaning permitted using perchlorethylene and other solvents
Symbol cleaning with perchlorethylene with restrictions Shoe perchlorethylene with restrictions( with limited addition of water, with control of the drying temperature and intensity of mechanical action)
Symbol of conventional dry cleaning using trifluorotrichloromethane and hydrocarbons permitted conventional dry cleaning using a hydrocarbon and triftortrihlormetana
Symbol cleaning with hydrocarbon and trifluorotrichlorethane with limitations Shoe with hydrocarbon and Tryphaena(With reduced water addition, with control over the intensity of the mechanical action and drying temperature)
The symbol is allowed to be cleaned with any solvents Cleaning of the textile with any solvents is allowed.

. Symbols for wet cleaning.

Symbol wet cleaning prohibited . Wet cleaning is prohibited.
The symbol of normal wet cleaning is permitted . Normal wet cleaning is permitted.
The symbol is allowed a delicate wet cleaning . Permitted gentle wet cleaning( limited humidity, Temperature and intensity of mechanical impact)
The symbol is allowed especially delicate wet cleaning The particularly delicate wet cleaning of a textile product is allowed( withsignificant limitation of temperature, moisture level and intensity of mechanical action)

Inscriptions on clothes labels In addition to the icons that contain advisory information for the care of textiles, on the labels you can find data on the composition of the fabric from which the garments. The fabric composition will also help you determine the appropriate care regimes for the product. Cotton, for example, can be exposed to high temperatures when leaving, and thin artificial and natural fabrics - can not be.

Product name in English Material name in Russian Care features
AC Acetate Acetate fiber Medium and high temperature machining
AR Acrylic Acrylic Medium and high temperature machining
CO Cotton cotton can be processed plain cotton products at high temperatures, boiling
EL Elastane Elastane treatment at low and moderate temperatures
LI Linen Liner Medium and high temperature processing
MD Modal Modal Medium and high temperature treatment
PA Polyamide( Nylon) Polyamide( Nylon) Medium and high temperature treatment
PC Polyacrylic PolyacrylicCare at medium and high temperatures
PE Polyester Polyester Care at medium and high temperatures
SE Silk Silk care at low temperatures with a minimum of mechanical action
VI Viscose Viscose processing at moderate temperatures
WO Wool Wool care at low temperatures with a minimum of mechanical action

Wash with similar colors - means to wash with similar color clothing.

Keep away from fire - This message warns you that the product is not necessary to bring to the open fire.

Follow the recommendations on the clothing labels to keep the original look of the items as long as possible.