Each textile product manufactured under factory conditions has a label with symbols that help to determine the characteristics of care for it. Adherence to the conditions of care for the textile makes it possible to extend the service life of the product and prevent its premature wear and deterioration.
The symbols and their meanings are established by the international standard ISO 3758: 2012.
Basic conventions are symbols that indicate operations that can be performed with textiles.
Basic operations and symbols for t
In addition to the base symbols, the following symbols are also used on the clothing labels:
|Operation must be carried out in a delicate mode|
|Operation must be in a particularly delicate mode|
The number on the basic wash symbol indicates the maximum permissible water temperature in which washing is possibleInsert the product.
|No wash of product|
|Wash at water temperature up to 95 degrees. Allowed to wash with boiling. Do not use caution when washing. Usually used on labels of linen and cotton products|
|Wash at a water temperature of up to 60 degrees. A label with this designation is used for marking colored products from thin cotton and polyester with high-temperature resistant colors.|
|Wash at a water temperature of up to 40 degrees with neutral detergents. The designation marks the products of their polyester, cotton, knitted fabrics, as well as viscose products|
|Wash at a water temperature of up to 30 degrees with neutral detergents. Basic mode of woolen products suitable for washing in a washing machine|
|It is allowed to wash manually only. The product can not be pressed and rubbed, subjected to other types of mechanical action. The water temperature for hand washing should not exceed 30-40 degrees.|
|Delicate( gentle washing).The product can not be subjected to intensive machining.|
|Particularly delicate washing with maximum amount of water, minimal machining, fast rinsing|
If you see one horizontal line under the wash base symbol, then you need to observe the following conditions:
If there are two horizontal lines under the "Wash" symbol, then the conditions are as follows:
|Bleaching of textiles prohibited|
|Whitening with any oxidizing bleaches allowed|
|Bleaching allowed with restrictions( use only non-chlorinated / oxygen-containing bleaching agents)|
|Bleaching with chlorinated bleaches allowed|
Drying of textiles can be both naturalAnd machine. Typically, the symbol of drying is indicated on the clothing label in the event that the drying of the product requires compliance with special conditions. If the product can be dried in any way, the drying icon on the label you most likely will not find.
|One vertical strip indicates drying of the product in a vertical position|
|Two parallel vertical strips - drying without preliminary pressing in a vertical position|
|One horizontal line is used to indicate the drying of the product on a horizontal level plane inExpanded state|
|Two horizontal lines in a square - it is recommended to dry on a horizontal flat plane in straightened outstate without pressing|
If in the upper left corner of the square with any designation has oblique line - it is recommended to dry the textile product exclusively in the shade.
|Drying in tumble dryer is prohibited|
|Drying in dryer is allowed|
|Circle with one point in the middle means delicate drum drying at a reduced temperature( 60 degrees), with reduced amount of loaded laundry, and also reduced cycle time|
|CircumferenceWith two dots in the middle denotes that conventional drying at 80 degrees is allowed|
|Pressing / unscrewing a textile product is prohibited|
|Ironing of articles is prohibited|
|One point in the base iron indicates the possibility of ironing a textile article iron, the sole of which is heated to 110 degrees temperature( synthetic fabric - Nylon, acrylic, acetate)|
|two points - the maximum temperature of the soleplate should not exceed 150 degrees(wool, viscose, silk, polyester)|
|three points - the temperature of the soleplate when ironing of about 200 degrees( cotton and flax)|
professional cleaning may be dry( dry cleaning) and wet( aqua cleaning).Operations for the professional cleaning of textiles are carried out only in the conditions of special institutions.
On the clothing labels to indicate the type of recommended professional cleaning notation is used not only in the form of geometric shapes, but also alphabetic. Latin alphabet letters have the following meaning:
|Dry-cleaning is prohibited|
|Dry-cleaning is allowed|
|conduct textile cleaning permitted using perchlorethylene and other solvents|
|Shoe perchlorethylene with restrictions( with limited addition of water, with control of the drying temperature and intensity of mechanical action)|
|permitted conventional dry cleaning using a hydrocarbon and triftortrihlormetana|
|Shoe with hydrocarbon and Tryphaena(With reduced water addition, with control over the intensity of the mechanical action and drying temperature)|
|Cleaning of the textile with any solvents is allowed.|
|. Wet cleaning is prohibited.|
|. Normal wet cleaning is permitted.|
|. Permitted gentle wet cleaning( limited humidity, Temperature and intensity of mechanical impact)|
|The particularly delicate wet cleaning of a textile product is allowed( withsignificant limitation of temperature, moisture level and intensity of mechanical action)|
Inscriptions on clothes labels In addition to the icons that contain advisory information for the care of textiles, on the labels you can find data on the composition of the fabric from which the garments. The fabric composition will also help you determine the appropriate care regimes for the product. Cotton, for example, can be exposed to high temperatures when leaving, and thin artificial and natural fabrics - can not be.
|Product name in English||Material name in Russian||Care features|
|AC||Acetate||Acetate fiber||Medium and high temperature machining|
|AR||Acrylic||Acrylic||Medium and high temperature machining|
|CO||Cotton||cotton can be processed||plain cotton products at high temperatures, boiling|
|EL||Elastane||Elastane||treatment at low and moderate temperatures|
|LI||Linen||Liner||Medium and high temperature processing|
|MD||Modal||Modal||Medium and high temperature treatment|
|PA||Polyamide( Nylon)||Polyamide( Nylon)||Medium and high temperature treatment|
|PC||Polyacrylic||PolyacrylicCare||at medium and high temperatures|
|PE||Polyester||Polyester||Care at medium and high temperatures|
|SE||Silk||Silk||care at low temperatures with a minimum of mechanical action|
|VI||Viscose||Viscose||processing at moderate temperatures|
|WO||Wool||Wool||care at low temperatures with a minimum of mechanical action|
Wash with similar colors - means to wash with similar color clothing.
Keep away from fire - This message warns you that the product is not necessary to bring to the open fire.
Follow the recommendations on the clothing labels to keep the original look of the items as long as possible.
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