What is an allergy in children? What are its symptoms? How can you avoid childhood allergies, and how to treat it, if you could not avoid it.
Children from affluent families are more likely to have dermatitis, hives, and other manifestations of allergies. This disease does not come from a bad life, but from a very good one.
Clean hands, carefully washed clothes, an abun
How to regulate the immune system?
Allergy is one of the most "young" diseases. Earlier, when a large part of the world's population lived on hunger, poorly dressed, often cold and seldom washed, no one had even heard of this ailment. Now most children are reliably protected from dirt, disease and hunger. But the body is designed in such a way that it constantly seeks to protect the baby from threats. And if there are no threats, he takes innocuous things for very dangerous ones, and begins to defend himself against them.
Allergy is an inadequate response of the immune system to some kind of irritant - allergen. It enters the body of the baby in different ways.
It depends on the type of allergy. It can be:
There are several phenomena that are easily confused with allergies. If the baby coughs heavily and sniffs from the tobacco smoke, this does not mean that his immune system has failed. This is a natural defensive reaction to a really harmful stimulus.
On the other hand, if a one-year-old child ate half a kilo of mandarins and "sprinkled" it does not mean that he is allergic to citrus fruits. Just the baby's body is not able to learn so much. Next time start with one lobule, and if no reaction follows, increase the serving to a reasonable size.
All causes of allergies can not be listed.
Doctors say that the widespread spread of this disease can be influenced by excessive hygiene. The abundance of chemical products in our life can also be important. For example, household chemicals, dyes and synthetic fibers in clothing, or dyes and food additives in food.
Allergy to is associated with the heredity of .If the parents are susceptible to this ailment, then the child is likely to inherit it too. And yet, scientists emphasize: the allergy is related to these factors, but there is no causal relationship.
Food allergies in children are often the result of banal overeating.
The famous children's doctor Eugene Komarovsky comments this: "When we eat any food, we need to split the protein that is part of this food. In order to break down the protein, enzymes, or enzymes, are needed. If there are a lot of enzymes, and there is not enough food, then there is no allergy. But more often the situation is completely inverse, when one mother and two grandmothers with their spoons are worn by one child, and he yells: "I do not want to!" Why does not he want? Because intestinal juices have not been developed, there are not enough enzymes. It is fed, the food does not split, and everyone says: unhappy child! »
The cause of contact allergy can be overdried air and intense heat in theRoom where the child lives. In such an environment, the skin and mucous membranes lose a lot of moisture and become sensitive. As a result, a detergent powder, badly rinsed out of clothes, causes severe itching and hives. A wool of a homemade hamster, or a cat that gets into the respiratory tract, causes a cough, runny nose, and leads to allergies to other animals.
Allergy to dust is more likely to occur in a house where there are a lot of "dust collectors" - a carpet on the floor, soft toys in all corners, books in the sideboard, exposed for decoration.
A cause of drug allergy often becomes uncontrolled use of antibiotics.
Treatment of allergies in children depends on the symptoms. In the place of their manifestation, one can judge the way of getting the allergen into the body, which means that it is easier to identify the allergen itself.
The main symptom of respiratory allergy is a runny nose, sneezing and nasal congestion. If the allergen is not eliminated and the reaction progresses, the symptoms go further into the respiratory tract. There may be spasm of the bronchi, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath. All this leads to asthma.
Often in the allergic person when contact with the irritant blush and hurt the eyes. This is an allergic conjunctivitis. The hearing may be disturbed, there is pain in the ears.
The most eloquent symptoms of contact allergies are skin rashes. It can be eczema, dermatitis or hives. Pay attention to the places where "poured out".It happens that the baby itches the whole body, but under the diaper is clean. Hence, the problem is in the detergent powder or in poor-quality clothing fabric. After all, the skin under the diaper is the only protected place. Eruptions are symmetrical on the bend of the elbows, tummy and in the groin? So the food allergy manifests itself. Allergies in the child have symptoms. Photo
The most serious consequence of an allergy is anaphylactic shock. It can develop a few seconds after the bite of a bee or eaten by mistake peanuts. First, there is severe pain, edema and redness in the place of contact with the allergen. Then the itching spreads throughout the body, the pressure drops. This can lead to fainting, coma and even death.
In the case of food allergies, the first symptoms may be vomiting, nausea, diarrhea and edema of the mouth.
If the doctor can not recognize the allergy by symptoms, he will prescribe tests. This can be a blood test or a skin test. But you need to know how to pass the test for allergies in children correctly. For example, blood can not be taken from children under the age of three. At this age, immunity has not yet formed, and the result may be inaccurate. For skin tests on the body, several tiny incisions are made, allergens are introduced into them. Which of the samples will give a reaction, that will show the cause of the allergy.
Doctors can offer different drugs and medicines for allergies in children. They differ in form of release. It can be a pill that removes the general reaction, and ointments that remove the local. There are drugs in injections that are needed to relieve edema in anaphylactic shock. Hormonal infections are very effective, but they can not be used for longer than three days because of strong side effects. Inhalers are indispensable for allergy sufferers suffering from bronchial asthma and severe forms of respiratory allergy.
Antihistamines reduce the effect of histamine, the substance that causes the course of most allergic inflammation. Cromons strengthen the membranes of cells that contain this histamine, and prevent it from releasing.
Hormonal drugs have a different mechanism, depending on the hormone used.
Earlier one of the main ways of treating food allergy was an enema. Now in the arsenal of doctors there are
preparations with probiotics that will help to restore the disturbed microflora in the intestine without such radical means. By the way, they help with other types of allergies.
In children suffering from this disease, the work of the gastrointestinal tract is more often upset. Science has established this for a long time. But relatively recently it was found out that if the disturbed balance in the intestine is restored, then immunity will grow stronger, and allergy manifestations will become less frequent. For this purpose, probiotics and other beneficial bacteria are used.
This is an arsenal of medicine. Treatment of allergy in children by folk remedies is difficult, because traditional medicine was formed when nobody knew about this disease. But folk medicine knows a lot of ways to combat the common cold, conjunctivitis and itching.
From the common cold milk helps with birch tar. Drink drink in the morning before eating. The first portion is prepared as follows:
Within 12 days, the number of drops of tar is gradually increased to 12. Then for the same time, it is reduced to one drop. The course is designed for 24 days.
RECIPE : In case of allergic conjunctivitis, it is recommended to wash the eyes with decoction of millet. This should be done daily for half an hour before bedtime.
RECIPE : An unusual recipe for itching - an infusion of Jerusalem artichoke leaves. With cutaneous manifestations of the allergy it can be taken inside, make compresses and even add to the bath.
Much depends on lifestyle. Parents themselves can help the baby without resorting to pills and ointments.
The best way to overcome allergies is to eliminate the irritant. If this is not possible, make the most of the situation in which the baby is growing. Watch out for the temperature and humidity in the children's room. Do not overdo it with soap and household chemicals. More are in the open air. Do not be afraid to temper a small allergic person. Training immunity - that's what he needs.
Allergy is an immune failure. His reasons may be very different, but his connection with heredity, excessive hygiene and abundance of chemistry in the world around him is obvious.
Itching, redness of the skin, runny nose, sneezing, gastric disorders and even anaphylactic shock - this is how the allergy in children.
Tips and feedback from parents say that this is a disease with which you need to learn how to live. In order not to apply every time to the arsenal of medicine, pay attention to the immunity of the baby. Make the house as comfortable as possible for the life of a small allergy sufferer.
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