The article will tell you in detail how to grow an exotic plant - litchi, as well as how to care for it.
FruitLychee "is very unusual and is considered exotic. Someone calls him fruit, others say that lychee is a berry. Whatever it was, lychee not only has a pleasant and rich taste, but also a huge benefit. The fruit of the fruit is that it has a unique biochemical composition - a mass of vitamins and trace elements.
Immediately it is worth noting that lychee - the fetus is not large, its diameter is approximately 3-4 cm .The weight of one berry does not exceed 15-20 grams of .The peculiarity of the exotic fetus is its dense and slightly prickly peel, which covers the juicy and jelly-like flesh.
The color of the pulp is milky. Inside the pulp lies a large dark brown seed. The taste qualities of lychee are very pleasant. The ripe fruit has a sweet shade with a slight sourness. If you try to find a comparison with other fruits, the taste of the pulp is somewhat like cherry and pineapple. The aroma of the pulp is very fresh and sweet.
Lychee - fetus common in Asia: China, Japan, India, Thailand .In these countries, lychees are rarely called, as the "eye of a dragon" for its visual similarity with an eye: a white apple and a black apple. For its useful and nutritious qualities, lychee has gained popularity in folk medicine. Many people even consider him an aphrodisiac for the rich content of zinc and therefore lychee - an obligatory treat on the tables of the newlyweds.
Frequent use of lychee can favorably affect all body systems, increasing the tone of the body, improving the functioning of blood vessels, "killing" cholesterol and lowering sugar. The great merit of lychee is the ability to regulate the water-salt balance in the body, to remove puffiness and to promote weight loss.
IMPORTANT: Not only the flesh of the fruit is used for food. From the skin of lychee, curative decoctions are prepared. A stone, for example, in Vietnam and China, is fried with spices in oil, a raw litchi bone is considered poisonous.
Lychee - is exotic, but very beautiful plant that is not only bright red fruit, but also graceful glossy leaves: oblong, pointed, long. The plant is more accustomed to grow in warm Asian countries, but if all conditions are met, it is also possible to grow a small litchi on its window sill.
It is important to know that you can grow lychees only from the bone that was in the fresh berries( dried and canned fruits do not fit).Of course, the domestic lychee can not often please you with abundant fruits, but nevertheless, under close attention and your careful care, you can find a beautiful plant.
After you eat the flesh itself lychee, try to remove bone as carefully as possible so as not to spoil and does not damage it. In order to grow something you will need a small pot, not more than 8-9 cm in diameter.
Before planting, make sure that there are enough holes in the bottom of the pot that the water in it does not stagnate and prevents the plant from rotting completely. You can put a layer of drainage on the bottom of the pot( special pebbles that retain moisture but pass water).Before planting, prepare the "right" soil for litchi - a mixture of land and peat.
IMPORTANT: The litchi pot is best chosen from the one that is made of natural material, for example, from clay or ceramics. In a plastic pot, the plant can suffocate.
It is important to know that when planting it is necessary to put in the ground not one but about 4-5 litchi bones. This is done quite simply: in a soft ground, a bone is inserted vertically with a finger, not more than 2-3 centimeters deep. On top there should be no more than 1-1.5 cm of soil. The probability that the sprout will rise is great.
After that, moisten the soil and tighten the pot with polyethylene( food film is best suited).This will allow the germ to be in a constant moisture and it will not be able to dry out. At first, the pot should be placed in a warm, but not the most sunny place( next to the battery, for example).
The time it takes for a sprout to rise is 1.5-2 weeks. All this time it is important to check the pot, adding moisture, if required. The soil must not be dry for a day. Each time, tighten the pot with a film. After the sprout appears on the surface, the film can be removed and put the plant on the east window sill( the sun should be small).
After the sprout has risen, you should carefully take care of your litchi. First of all, the temperature is important. A young plant needs a temperature regime of 23 to 25 degrees. The first few weeks after appearing on the surface of the shoots, lychee grows quite quickly and actively, their height can reach 20 centimeters.
However, after the violent growth in the "first months of life", the plant "stops" and stops increasing in size. The reason is the strengthening of the root system. The roots are so strong that if you have grown a plant in a plastic cup, you can see how it will burst.
Lychee needs light about 12-15 hours a day, however it does not like direct sunlight. In the cool season, provide litchi additional lighting. Make sure that the litchi does not dry out, since the plant does not tolerate dry soil at all. Litchi should be watered as the top layer of the soil dries.
Do not lick the litchies with cold water, it is best to use a constant and room temperature. As often as possible, increase the humidity in the room and spray the plant from the spray gun. To feed organic fertilizers should only an adult plant, not "younger" 3-4 months.
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