Berry tree jabotikaba - the properties of plants and fruits, photo. How to grow jabotikabu at home? How to buy jabotikaba seeds on Aliexpress?

What is especially the tree of jabotikaba? What are its benefits? How to grow jabotikabu at home?

Content

  • jabuticaba berry plants - looks like: photo
  • Berry jabuticaba wood - properties of plants and fruits How to grow
  • jabuticaba at home from seed? Care, watering jabotikaby at home
  • How to order and buy seeds jabotikaby for Alyekspress under the catalog?
  • VIDEO: jabuticaba( jabuticaba) Brazilian tree that grows fruit on the tree trunk

Zhabotkaba( jabuticaba) - a very unusual plant. Unusually not only its name, but also the appearance. The flowers of this tree are blossoming and tied in berries not on branches, as is usually the case with other plants, but on the trunk. Grow this miracle of nature at home, its seeds are sold to Aliekspress.

jabuticaba berry plants - looks like: photo

In Central and Eastern Europe, many have never heard of jabuticaba and, moreover, have not seen this amazing family tree Mirotovyh, kind of Pliny. Meanwhile, in the tropics it grows and is cultivated as

a fruit tree.

  1. Originally from jabotikaba from South America. The natural range of its growth is the territory of Northern Argentina, South Brazil, Paraguay and Bolivia. For the sake of valuable berries the plant is also grown in Colombia, Panama, Uruguay, Peru and Cuba.
  2. Dzhabotikabu learned to grow in pots like a house decorative plant.
  3. The berry tree has many names. Official, botanical, - Myrciaria caulifloria( Latin).In Portuguese, the plant is called jaboticaba, hence the Russian translation - jabotikaba, zhabutikaba, jabotikaba. In Western Europe, it is known under the English Brazilian Grape Tree( Brazilian grape tree), perhaps because of the similarity of the berries jabotikaba with grapes.
Blooming jabotikaba. Blooming jabotikaba.
У цветков "бразильского винограда" до 60 тычинок. The flowers of the "Brazilian grapes" have up to 60 stamens.

Once seen flowering or fruiting jabuticaba in nature, will not forget this amazing tree ever:

  • in height it reaches 10-12 meters
  • lifespan of a tree - 100 years, that is, it is a secular
  • due to slow growthyoung jabuticaba like a bush with delicate leaves, the stem stiffens later
  • Brazilian grape tree leaves are long and narrow, 10 cm by 2 cm, lanceolate, leathery, their glossy surface
  • leaf color - light green
  • as the plant belongs to the families of the world, from its leaves is based on a characteristic odor

Twice a year jabuticaba blooms, and then the fun begins: white flowers with 60-Tew and more stamens literally stuck to the trunk and main branches of the plant. It seems that they are covered with white moss. Exotic plant takes the form of an alien creation. After some time the pollinated flowers are tied in fruit 3-5 cm in diameter, in shape and color similar to grapes. The dense peel of berries has a dark maroon or dark violet color, the flesh is white. When jabotikaba fructifies, it seems as if thousands of large beetles are crawling on tree trunks.
Fruit ripening time is 3-4 weeks, they become sweet and suitable for human consumption.

As they mature, the fruits of the jabotikaba from green turn into dark purple. As you mature, the fruits of the jabotikaba from green turn into dark purple.
The berries literally cling to the trunk of the jabotikaba. Berries literally cling to the trunk of jabotikaba.
Plantations zhabotikaby - a real miracle of nature. Plantations zhabotikaby - a true miracle of nature.

IMPORTANT: During flowering and fruiting, the jabotikaba becomes very attractive for tourists. Many make photos of the gardens of the Brazilian grape tree, they are really impressive. According to several versions, jabotikaba is included in the Top 100, Top 10 and Top 5 most unusual plants in the world.

An interesting fact: the phenomenon when flowers and fruits appear on the trunk and the main branches of a plant, in botany is called caulifloria( caulifloria).In addition to jabotikaba, caulifloria is found in cocoa, persimmons, jackfruit and the more common sea buckthorn for the Eastern Europeans. But these plants look less impressive.

Kaulifloria: jabotikaba, sea buckthorn and cocoa.

Berry tree jabotikaba - properties of plants and fruits

If for Europeans zhabotikaba is a curiosity, for inhabitants of the tropics of South America it is a source of tasty and healthy berries.

  1. Spets "Brazilian grapes" twice a year. The berries are tied in green, but after 3-4 weeks they acquire a characteristic dark color.
  2. The whitish fruit pulp is similar to jelly. Inside there are seeds.
  3. To taste berry jabotikaba really remind grapes, but they are characterized by acidity.
Ягоды джаботикабы - "бразильский виноград". Jabotikaba berries are "Brazilian grapes".
Fruit jabotikaba in a cut. Fruit of zabotikaba in a cut.

IMPORTANT: The export of jabotikaba berries is difficult, because in the torn form their shelf life is very small - only 3 days.

Berries jabotikaba as a food product dietary and valuable. Caloric content of 100 g is only about 50 kcal. The composition contains vegetable sugars, amino acids tryptophan and lysine, ascorbic acid and other vitamins, calcium, phosphorus, zinc and other minerals, as well as tannins.

IMPORTANT: Dandelion berries are not eaten with jabotikabas, as there is a high percentage of tannin content in it. It must be removed before consumption of berries in raw form or by their heat treatment. Gem from berries of dzhabotikaba.

.

How is "Brazilian grapes" used in cooking? Here are a few ways:

  • berries are raw: they simply squeeze out the flesh from the rind directly to the mouth with their fingers
  • cook jelly, jam, marmalade
  • brew sauces for salads and meat
  • make baking stuffing
  • dry and dry for storage

After 3 days, the jabotikaba berries begin to wander. This property was used: among them, tinctures, wine and liqueurs are made.

Fermentation of berries zabotikaba. Fermentation of berries jabotikaba.
Wine from the fruits of jabotikaba.

The alcohol-based or dried "Brazilian grapes" is used for medicinal purposes. Dzhabotikaba treats:

  • respiratory and respiratory diseases: angina, asthma, bronchitis of various origins
  • viral diseases
  • diarrhea
  • cardiovascular diseases

The berries of dzhabotikaba have hemostatic, detoxification and anti-cancer properties.

How to grow jabotikabu at home from the seeds? Care, watering jabuticaba in

home As mentioned above, jabuticaba learned to grow in pots:

  • seeds
  • grafting
Fruits jabotikaba with seeds. jabuticaba The fruits with seeds.

Because of the slow growth, the plant is used as a bonsai.

Those who decided to acquire a home zhabotikaboy, you must be very patient, because after planting seeds the first fruits of the plant will give a minimum after 10 years. And all this time he will need careful care.

  1. Dispose of the seeds with a jabotikaba in a container or a small pot.
  2. Exotic does not like acidic and saline soils, so for him, a mixture of peat and coconut fiber or buy in the store ready ground for tropical plants.
  3. Dishes for jabotikaba should have drainage holes from the bottom.
  4. Seeds of "Brazilian grapes" sprout for 30 days at a temperature of +23 degrees.
Jabotikaba in the pot. Jabotikaba in the pot.

When the seeds germinate jabuticaba, young plants require special care.

  1. Jabotikaba loves the sun, but is afraid of direct sunlight. It is better to put it at the window, in the penumbra. In winter, with a short daylight, the tree may need lighting.
  2. Water the room jabotikab regularly, twice a week or as the top layer of the soil dries.
  3. 3-4 times a year the plant is fed with a complex mineral composition for tropical exotics.
  4. As the growth jabotikabu transplanted into a larger pot. The procedure is well tolerated. If there is no possibility to make a transplant, it is possible to trim the root system by one third.
  5. If the "Brazilian grapes" are grown for bonsai, mold its crown: remove the dry branches, and the overgrown branches are shortened.
Houses zhabotikabu grown for bonsai. Houses zhabotikabu cultivated for bonsai.

IMPORTANT: In winter, at temperatures below +15 degrees, the jabotikaba can discard leaves. In the spring they will appear again.

Fruiting of domestic jabotikaba. Fruiting of the house jabotikaba.

How to order and buy seeds jabotikaby for Alyekspress under the catalog?

I wanted to grow exotica zhabotikabu at home? About the features of planting and caring for the plant already know a lot. It remains to find the seeds.
And this is not so easy, they can not be bought in any flower shop. Therefore, the flower growers have adapted to order them on the Internet, on the site of the Chinese trading platform Aliekspress.

IMPORTANT: For those who do not yet know that you can buy virtually everything on Ali, it is recommended to read the article "The first order for Aliexpress" and the Buyer's Guide, register on the site and after carefully review its catalog.
To buy seeds jabotikaby, you need to enter the query in English "jabuticaba" in the search window on the main page of Aliexpress.

Nameless Seeds of jabotikaba on Alyexpress.

Among the products of the category "For home and garden" there are seeds of "Brazilian grapes" at a price of about 50 rubles for 20 pieces.

VIDEO: Jabotikaba( Jabotikaba) A Brazilian tree that grows fruit on the tree trunk