How to improve diction and speech? Tongues for the development of speech and adult diction

The article describes what is diction and how to improve it.

Contents of

  • What is a diction?
  • Working on the diction and pronunciation of
  • How to improve the diction of an adult, a teenager?
    • Video: Phonetics. The setting of consonant and vowel sounds. Associate Professor Bitekhtin NB
    • Video: Whistling sounds for adults
    • Video: Sound attenuation correction for adults
    • Video: Intonation( training)
  • Exercises for diction and articulation
  • Exercises for diction and voice
  • Video: The best exercise for voice on the development of diction
  • Is it necessary to develop dictionread aloud?
  • Fast tongue for the development of diction
  • Video: How to work with tongue twisters Diction and Articulation // 24 LESSON OF THE VOICE

In the modern world, people with good, expressive diction are easy enough to get used to in most areas of our dynamically developing life. Fine speakers are needed not only on the stage, but also in business, and on television, and

in politics.

Steve Jobs is a beautiful speaker Steve Jobs - the perfect orator

What is diction?

It is common to call a clear pronunciation of sounds in accordance with the phonetic norms of the language. Expressive diction is the most important characteristic of acting skills, singers, speakers.

Clear diction depends on the level of training of active organs of speech - these organs include the tongue and lips. In connection with this, the development of expressive diction should begin with the training of muscles - articulatory gymnastics.

Diction shows how a person correctly pronounces words and syllables, how clearly he pronounces sounds - all this lends itself to training, improvement.

The fuzzy pronunciation of words interferes with their correct perception, and a poorly pronounced phrase sometimes makes no sense. Distortion of sounds can greatly distract the attention of the audience, forcing them to focus on the defects of sound, and not on the meaning of the said phrase.

IMPORTANT: A person with an expressive diction is much easier to get involved and attract the public. It is much easier for such a person to speak in public.

A good speaker Good speaker

Working on the diction and pronunciation of

In order to get rid of the sharp "d", whistling "s", lisp "w", in order to improve the pronunciation of words and syllables, in order to make diction more expressive, Have a little work.

For the pure sound of speech there is a huge amount of exercises that have been helping people for a long time to become interesting, fascinating speakers. Some of the exercises were already known in ancient Greece.

Work on the diction Work on diction

How to improve the diction of an adult, a teenager?

For the development and improvement of diction there are special exercises. These are:

  • Breathing and Posture

Not many know how much depends beautifully delivered speech from breathing and posture. In this regard, even there are special exercises:

  1. Should be straight, legs on the width of the shoulders, hands should be placed on the belt. After this, it is necessary to open your mouth, and, allegedly overcoming resistance, make a slow exhalation. After training, the exercise should be complicated by reading several lines of your favorite poem on exhalation.
  2. Should return to the starting position, and then slowly bending forward to inhale. The back should be kept flat, and on exhalation begin to rise and continue to pull "um-m-m".
  3. For exercises on posture, you should stock up on a book. The book should be placed on the head, and slowly walk with it so that it does not fall. Then you should add gesticulation, squats, more dynamic walking.
Posture - the first step on the way to a beautiful speech Posture - the first step towards a beautiful speech
  • Articulation. More details can be found in the section below
  • Pronouncing consonants and vowels. Examples of correct pronunciation of sounds can be found in the following videos:

Video: Phonetics. The setting of consonant and vowel sounds. Associate Professor Bitekhtin NB

Video: Setting of whistling sounds in adults

Video: Correction of sound reproduction in adults

  • Intonation of

The best exercise for the development of intonation is to read by roles.

Video: Intonation( training)

  • Blinkers. A large list of tongue twisters can be found in the section below
  • Acting methods. For training diction using acting techniques should be taken into the mouth walnuts, or pencil, and then start slowly, clearly pronounce the tongue twisters or read text
Acting methods of training diction Actor's training methods diction

Exercises for diction and articulation

expressive diction needs a daily workout speech apparatus muscles. To develop and strengthen the muscles of the mouth, jaw, lips and tongue, special articulatory gymnastics should be practiced.

can select some of the following exercises on articulation exercises, although in order to achieve better and faster effect, it is better to perform all the exercises in succession:

  • Standing with his hands on his chest, you should lean slightly forward and as low a voice, you can exhale say drawling vowelsfor example, "a", "o", "and»
  • should be wide open mouth and move your jaw in various directions, including back and forth
  • should shut your mouth, stretch the tip of the tongue, and then turn to touch them toNiEkam. Such an exercise can be done and opening the mouth
  • It should be very wide smile, and then the tip of the tongue alternately touching the corners of the mouth. It is important that the jaw remains fixed and the tongue does not touch the lips of the
  • . You should smile broadly, opening your mouth, and then counting the teeth in the upper and lower rows, touching them with the tip of the tongue. The jaw in this exercise should be immovable
  • You should close your teeth and smile broadly. It is important that during the smiles were visible teeth are in two rows
  • should close his teeth, and then his lips folded into a tube by pulling them in front of and at the same time pull the sound "y»
  • should open his mouth wide and as far as possible to draw a sharp tongue
Exercises for articulation Exercisesfor articulation
  • should open his mouth and put it on his lower lip a relaxed language
  • should open his mouth, and then his tongue to lick alternately upper and lower lip, without moving the jaw

IMPORTANT: All the exercises of articulation exercises should slippedAbout ten seconds. After a short break, each exercise should be repeated a few more times.

Another exercise for articulation Another exercise for articulation

Exercises for diction and voice

There can be no diction expressive without the correct frequency of the voice and its emotional coloring. In order for the voice to sound fascinating, it is necessary to train the diction, the very timbre of the voice.

For this, there are some exercises:

  • It is necessary to grasp the handle, pencil, etc., and then clearly pronouncing words and sounds, reading texts, poems.
  • read the text of the poem alternately fast and slow, loud and quiet
  • should not knocking the breath, keeping all pauses, expressive reading texts, poems, jumping rope or jogging.
  • You should pay attention to your neck during the conversation, tk. When trying to feel it, the neck relaxes and the larynx descends.
Exercises for voice Exercises for the voice
  • Follow, issuing different sounds, beat yourself in the chest.
  • It should be continued during the yawn to pronounce vowel sounds, or to talk. It will also help relax and lower the larynx.
  • It's better to start the morning with mooing, saying "mmmmmm"
  • for a long time. You should talk with a smile. The voice will change noticeably.

IMPORTANT: If the described exercises are repeated 10-15 minutes daily, you can quickly notice the changes in the voice.

Video: The best exercise for voice on the development of diction

Is it necessary to read aloud for the development of diction?

Reading aloud can be an important, closing exercise to work on improving the diction. Reading aloud, it's easier to understand where and what problems there are, what else is worth working on.

If at the next reading aloud all the previous mistakes will be considered, then you will notice that each time the speech will sound purer and cleaner.

IMPORTANT: For reading aloud, it is better to choose white verses, versatile verses, difficult to perceive passages of texts.

Reading aloud is an exercise for diction Reading aloud - an exercise for diction

tongue twisters for the development of diction

And

And I'm not in a nuisance.
Archipople, Osip hoarse.

B

White snow. White chalk.
White sugar is also white.
But the protein is not white.
White was not even there.

Brit Clim's brother,
Brit Ignat brother,
Brother Ignat the bearded.

The bombardier bombarded Brandenburg.

In the

, the Magi magically entered the stable with the magi.

The crow is coronetted.

Verse Vavila cheerfully turned the pitchfork.

As on the hill, on the hill
There are thirty-three Egorki.

The messenger with the galleys burned.

Collected Marguerite daisies on the mountain,
Lost Marguerite daisies in the courtyard.

Two woodcutters, two woodcutters,
Two woodcutters honed axes,
Axes are sharp for some time,
Until then, sharp axes, up to the time.

Grandfather Dodon dudel dudel,
Dima grandfather dudoy grazed.

Woodpecker treats ancient oak,
Good woodpecker oak tree any.

Tongues - exercises for diction Blinkers - exercises for diction

E

Fedka with radish vodka is eating,
There is a radish with Fedka vodka.

A week Emelya spin a box of tow,
And Emelina's daughter - to spin one night.

F

A ground beetle buzzes, it hums, but does not spin.

The hedgehog - a hedgehog, the horror - an appetite.

З

Winter morning from frost
At the dawn the birches ring.

All lakes - mirrors
Of green glass.

Sonya Zine brought elder in the basket.

AND

Incident with the quartermaster.

The donkey took firewood to the village,
The donkey dumped firewood in the grass.

To

The cuckoo cuckoo bought a hood. Hooded cuckoo hood.
As in a hood, he's ridiculous.

Carl from Clara stole the coral,
Clara from Karl stole the clarinet.
Queen Clara severely punished
Carla for stealing coral.

Koval forged a horse,
Conb with hoof forel,
Koval with a horse's whip.

L

Sewn hood, crocheted cap, yes not in kolpakovski,
Pouring a bell, a bell for a bell, but not as a bell,
I need a hoodpack to pack, yes overpack.
It is necessary to re-bell the bell, and re-stop it.

M

Have you raspberries washed?
Washes, but did not wash.

Soap Mila soap with soap,
Mila soap dropped.
I drank Mila soap,
I did not wash soap with soap.

Called for raspberries Marina Galina,
Galina Marina called for Kalina.

N

Did we catch nail on the Nile?

Our Nahum is on our mind.

P

Pavel Pavlushku swaddled,
Raspelonyval, yes perepelenyval.

Peter first went for a walk,
Caught a quail went selling.

Exchanged Praskovya crucian carp
For three pairs of purebred piglets.
Piglets rushed by dew,
Chicken pigs caught, but not all.

P

Pig of a pig, blunt, beloryla,
Polvdora snouted,
Dug, undermined, until the hole was not dug.
On that sow and snout, so she digs.

Went Greek through the river,
Sees a Greek in the river cancer.
Sucks the Greek hand in the river,
Cancer for the hand of the Greek zap. Dry suk bore a badger.

.

Old Semyon said to his sons:
"Cut a haystack."
Sons squashed a haystack.
Old Semyon told his sons: "Thank you."

Luck Senka Sanka with Sonya on the sled;
Sanky clap, Sanka - sideways,
Sonya - skok, Senka from the feet.

Tongue twisters - a great way to practice speech Blinkers - a great way to practice speech

T

Only Tanya will get up in the morning.
Dancing Tanyushu pulls.
What is there to explain for a long time?
Tanya loves to dance.

Under the tree of the black grouse, the black grouse met:
"Black grouse, black grouse, how are your grouses?"
Black grouse in response:
"My groschen - healthy guys,
To your grosgowns from them greetings!"

Three magpies, three rattle
Lost threeBrushes:
Three today, three yesterday,
Three more the day before yesterday.

The

Became a duck on the pond to teach her ducklings,
Ducklings do not want to swim in sight of my mother.
Awfully a duck is tormented:
"Well, what will it turn out?"

Bring a corner into the corner,
In the corner, turn off the coal!

The ducklings taught the duck-mother
The snail in the meadow to look for.
Snails in a meadow without jokes
They learned to hide from ducks.

F

Fanny has a sweatshirt,
Fedi has shoes.

Foka fantasized,
Feodor magician,
Feofan fenced with Feoktist.

Filin Philly has two eagle owls -
Filka and Philemonka.

X

Laughter letter X
Laughed: Ha, ha, ha!

Tufted laughters
Laughed with laughter: ha, ha, ha.

Boasted boasted, boasted,
Boasted, boasted, and boasted,
And boasted.

C

In the flower garden flowers blossom.

A fox in a dress made of chintz
A wheat mule sows through a cotton calico.

Valuates the chain of the scribe in a slant.

Ч

Four black blackened blacksmith
Dyed black ink drawing.
Extremely clean!

Chok, chok, heel,
I jumped on the knuckle,
I came off, broke,
Chok, chok, heel.

Chiki-chiki-chikalochki.
Goose goose sticks.
Duck - on the pipe,
Chick on the churochke,
Bunny on the wheelbarrow,
And the boy on the dog.

Ш

Six mixes from six baskets
And three smeshes from a fluffy bag.

Proshkin Shavka bitten Pashka;
Beats Pashka with the cap of Proshkin Shavka.

Щ Щ

Bristles in chushki, scales in pikes.

A dandy-puffed goldfinch chirping over the thicket.

The gold-plated cheek-de-camp was.

YU

Yulka-Yulenka-Yula,
Yuliya Yurkaya was,
Seated on the spot Yulka
Not a minute could not.

I

Lizard on the yawl
Apples for the fair
I was carrying in the box.

Yacht is easy and obedient to mine,
I will sail on it the seas.

Yaroslav and Yaroslavna
Settled in Yaroslavl.
In Yaroslavl there live nice
Yaroslav and Yaroslavna.

Video: How to work with tongue twisters Diction and Articulation // 24 LESSON VOKAL

Do it, train your diction, and then you will not have equal in oratory.