Phloxes annual and perennial - species, varieties: photo. Phlox and Dolmond: Seed Cultivation, Planting, Feeding, Care, Illness and Reproduction

Species and varieties of phlox. Features of growing phlox. Diseases of phlox. Phlox is subulate and the Drummond phlox is a description of varieties.

Content

  • varieties of phlox: photo
  • Phlox styloid long - types: photo
  • How to plant, when to transplant perennial phlox?
  • Planting phlox in the soil of perennial spring, fall roots, cuttings
  • How to transplant phlox in the summer?
  • Phloxes - a top dressing in the spring: what fertilizers like phloxes?
  • Care for phlox in the summer
  • Phloxes have faded - what to do next, how to trim phlox after flowering?
  • Phloxes perennial - diseases, treatment
  • Why do not the perennial phloxes bloom?
  • White coating on phlox leaves: powdery mildew - what should I do?
  • Why twists, turns yellow and black leaves in phlox: what to do?
  • Than to process phloxes from illnesses?
  • Phlox Drummond annual - varieties: photo
  • Phlox Drummond annual - growing from seeds
  • Phlox Drummond: when to plant seedlings?
  • How to feed phlox for abundant flowering?
  • What to plant next to the phlox?
  • How to plant and take care of the phlox: Video
  • Disease and treatment of phlox: Video

Phlox are favorites of many gardeners the world. For our latitudes this unpretentious plant, whose homeland is considered North America, fits the very best. Due to their adaptation to the climate of our country, phloxes are able to delight their owners in their suburban areas with a variety of colors and aromas throughout the vegetable garden period.

varieties of phlox: photo

Varieties of phlox varieties of phlox

As mentioned above, there are phlox, both annual and perennial.

One-year varieties of phlox are, perhaps, the only one representative in our country - the Drummond phlox. This kind of phlox will be discussed later.

Depending on the form sheet phlox divided into the following types:

  • paniculate
  • subulate
  • splayed
  • bifurcated

basis of the height of the flower stem and whimsicality to soil, phlox classified into subgroups:

  • ground cover orAspiring
  • loosely formed
  • stunted
  • bush
  • high bush

The most popular flax varieties of panicles are the following grades:

Phlox sandwich Sandro Botticelli Phlox paniculata Sandro Botticelli
Phlox melancholy blue delight Phlox paniculata Blue joy
Phlox feathery night Phlox paniculata Nochka
Phlox sweatshop Frau Pauline Schollhammer Phlox paniculata Frau Paulina Shollhammer
Phlox panicle olympics Phlox paniculata Olympics
Phlox Flamenco Master Phlox paniculata Master
Phlox Flaky Mary Fyodorovna Phlox paniculata Maria Feodorovna
Phlox Flaky Vladimir Phlox paniculataVladimir
Phlox flint-flapping talcum Phlox panicle Igor Talkov
Phlox cloudy cloud Phlox panicle Cloud
Phlox melancholy mirage Phlox panicle Mirage
Phlox panicle remains Phlox broomchaty Ostankino
Phlox phantom apple tree color Phlox paniculata apple color
Phlox the paniculate stranger Phlox paniculata Stranger
Phlox Windshield Viking Phlox paniculata Viking
Phlox melilot waltz Phlox paniculata Waltz
Phlox Flashing novelty Phlox paniculata New

For ground cover Phlox are the following varieties:

Phlox-shaped Phlox styloid
Phlox DouglasPhlox Douglas
Phlox snow Phlox Snow
Phlox forked Phlox bifurcated

The following phlox varieties can be classified as loose phlox:

Phlox table-bearing Phlox hundredlonosny
Phlox spread Phlox divaricata
Phlox Adsurgens Phlox Adsurgens

bush varieties of phlox plants should be considered:

Phlox Windsor Phlox Windsor
Phlox natasha Natasha Phlox Phlox
Phloxenics Nicky
Phlox tenor Phlox Tenor
Phlox magic blouse Phlox Majik Blue

By undersized Phlox include varieties of phlox:

Phlox sherbet cocktail Phlox Sherbet Cocktail
Phlox Tiara Phlox Tiara
Phlox orange perfusion Phlox Orange Perfection
Phlox Twister Phlox Twister
Flox success Phlox success
Phlox dragonPhlox Dragon
Phlox JF Phlox Jeffs Blue
Phlox Black Sea Phlox Black Sea
Phlox kul best Phlox Cool Best

Phlox asphodal perennial - types: photo

Phlox shilovidny - description Phlox acylid - description

Phlox silovidnyS THE perennial, and bloom it can be even a couple of times a year( in May-June and August-September).True, the second flowering of this plant may not be too bright and lush.

Phlox awlid refers to ground-cover, low-growing phlox species. In height, as a rule, it can reach 15-20 cm.

The petals of the flowers of the phyllos are subulate and have a pointed form - this is the peculiarity that determines the name of the subspecies. The length of one petal averages 2 cm.

Depending on the variety, the phyllabel is subulate can be of different colors - white, blue, pink. In addition, the monochromatic background of the flower can decorate numerous dots, specks or stripes of contrasting colors.

most popular in our latitudes are the following varieties of phlox styloid:

Phlox shilovidi kandi stripe Phlox styloid Candy Stripes
Phlox ankle ternary Phlox styloid Tellyariya
Phlox is subulate-shaped Phlox styloid Mayshnee
Phlox worm-shaped inch Phlox styloid Thumbelina

How to plant, when to transplant phlox perennial?

How to plant phloxes perennial? How to plant phloxes perennial?

When planting phlox in the ground must be taken into account the following criteria for selecting the landing sites:

  • productivity of the soil - phlox like the rich and fertile land
  • soil moisture - for most types of phlox is extremely important constant replenishment moisture
  • location of the site in accordance with the sun - likeTypically, all types of phlox are preferred by the shaded or moderately lit places of the garden - landing in open solar areas can lead to the discoloration of the phlox flakes

PhloxIt can be planted at any time of their vegetative growth - in the spring, summer, autumn.

How to transplant phloxes? How to transplant phloxes?

Phlox transplantation can also be carried out throughout the planting period. However, there are some of the most favorable periods and practical advice for this manipulation:

  • spring phlox is best to transplant in late April - early May
  • most optimal summer and autumn transplanting phlox falls at the beginning of August - before its mid flowers should already be replanted
  • autumn phlox is best to transplant, pre-docked their tops
  • if transplanted phlox during its flowering with a color, it is necessary to very carefully dig up his

Planting perennial phlox in the ground in spring, autumn roots, cuttings

Breeding perennial phlox is most often done in two main ways - by cuttings, and dividing the bush by the roots.

Division of the phlox bush Division of the phlox bush

Multiplication of phloxes by dividing the bush can be carried out at any time of the year - early autumn( before the first frosts), in summer in cloudy weather and in the spring.

Algorithm of action:

  • Gently dig the bush, trying not to damage the roots
  • Shake off the earthworm with the flox
  • Unravel the rhizomes of the plant
  • Divide the bush into several new bushes( you can use a disinfected knife).

Division cuttings

Planting phlox with cuttings Planting phlox cuttings
  • In late spring or early summer with young phlox, shoots with two pairs of leaves on each of them( the bottom cut off just under the bottom sheet and the top 1 cm - above the upper)
  • Remove the lower leaves and the upper cut off half
  • digging a shallow pit for phlox 6cm away from each other and 10 cm between rows and properly fill with water
  • poured into wet, but without water, sand pits 1-2cm
  • Insert cuttings phlox in prepared soil and compacts it around plantsWith your fingers
  • Pour some more dirt
  • Cover the shanks of the phlox and cover them with a film
  • We water the phloxes a couple of times a week
  • When the first leaves appear on the stems, we remove the shading
  • At the end of July - in the beginning of August we transplant the phloox sprouts to another place at a distance20cm apart
  • After keeping phlox in the last place they live two years, the third year of their transplant to a permanent place

If such a procedure carried out with cuttings in summer or autumn phloxyu, then at rooting them should be placed in a greenhouse, and hold before landing in the growth stimulator for 10 hours.

How to transplant phlox in the summer?

How to transplant phloxes? How to transplant phlox in the summer?
  • If transplanted phlox in the summer, then they need to be sure to provide a regular and abundant watering
  • Also in the process of transplanting should be left on the rootstock of the plants a good earthen room
  • When transplanting phlox in the summer of their top of the recommended cut off in order to direct all the power plants in theIts rooting, and not on flowering

Phloxes - fertilizing in spring: what fertilizers like phloxes?

Phlox fertilizer Fertilizers for phlox

Although it is believed that phloxes are quite unpretentious plants, however, in order for them to grow actively and colorfully, they should be regularly fertilized.

It is necessary to feed phloxes at least three times a year.

For fertilizing phloxes, the following types of dressings are best for fertilizing phlox:

  • Dung( in autumn - horse and in spring - cow)
  • Humus
  • Compost
  • Ash
  • Nitric fertilizers( urea)
  • Phosphate fertilizers
  • Potash fertilizers

Nitrogen, phosphoric and potash fertilizers are very carefully used for phloxes - it is absolutely necessary to adhere to the fertilizer manual.

For spring top dressing, compost with urea is best( half a bucket of humus, one tablespoon of urea should be added).The resulting subcortex is preferably neatly decomposed under the plant.

Care for phlox in summer Care for phlox in summer

Care for phlox in summer Care for phlox in summer Care for phlox in the summer

Flax treatment in the summer consists of a whole range of activities:

  • Regular watering - soil under the phlox should never be too dry
  • Mulching allows moisturelonger stay in the ground
  • Fertilizing in the summer can be performed by several schemes:
  1. Early June - manure with superphosphate, the beginning of July - diluted pure manure, the end of July - potassium and phosphorus convenient
  2. In the beginning of summer - humus with urea, budding period - a couple of tablespoons of mineral fertilizers for flowering plants, after flowering - phosphoric-potash top dressing
  • Fighting diseases and pests
  • Getting rid of faded buds will help preserve blossom longerAnd increase the number of flowers for the next season
  • Timely transplantation of phloxes allows the plant to develop and reproduce

Phloxes have faded - what to do next, how to doPhlox after flowering?

What to do with faded phloxes? What to do with faded phloxes?

A very important step in the process of growing phlox is preparing them for the winter.

After phloxes bloom, they need to be cut in order to safely winter the plant, and in the spring it was ready with new strength to please its owners with bright and dense colors.

There are two ways to trim phlox:

  1. to ground level - this method is suitable for cold snowy latitudes and to prevent the spread of bacteria in the plant
  2. At 5-10 cm above ground level - this method is suitable for the more southern latitudes with little snow and helpsTo hold the snow just above the plant to feed it with moisture.

All trimmed phlox bushes must be removed from the site and burned.

The next stage of preparation for winter is the fertilizing of soil and plants. As an autumn fertilizing of phloxes, a tablespoon of mineral fertilizer, spread out under each bush, is perfect. It is also recommended to fertilize phloxes with ashes.

7-10 days after top dressing phlox should be covered with peat, humus, compost or just dry leaves.

perennial Phlox - disease, treatment

Diseases and treatment of phlox Disease and treatment

phlox Phlox, like all other plants susceptible to disease and attacks of various kinds of pests.

most common diseases phlox considered:

  • mildew
  • nematode
  • rust
  • white vertitselleznoe wilting
  • mosaic
  • fading colors
  • crushed leaves
  • spotting
  • pestrolepestnost
  • alternaria
  • Gangrene Gangrène

Insects-pests for phlox are a beetle, a earwig, caterpillars and a drooling penny.

There are also larger phlox enemies - snails and slugs.

Why do not perennial phloxes bloom?

Why do not the perennial phlox blossom? Why do not perennial phloxes bloom?

The absence of flowering of phloxes can be explained by the following factors:

  • sunlight deficiency
  • unfertilized or poorly mulched land
  • lack of moisture or, conversely, water stagnation

If at least one of the listed conditions is not met, then the plant is not enoughForces on flowering. It can grow in height, grow under the ground, but not give color.

White coating on phlox leaves: powdery mildew - what should I do?

What to do with phlox in mildew? What to do with phlox in mildew?

Powdery mildew is a fungal disease that quite often affects phloxes. This disease manifests itself in the form of a white spider web on the sheets. Over time, the spider web begins to thicken and eventually spreads throughout the leaf. The sheet begins to turn yellow and fade. Over time, the entire bush may die.

Before talking about combating powdery mildew, you need to understand the reason for its appearance. Most often the plant lends itself to this disease due to improper care for it - improper planting, insufficient watering and feeding.

Fortunately, today there are quite a few ways to combat powdery mildew. To this end, the following tools and preparations are used:

  • soda solution
  • soapy solution
  • detergent solution
  • mullein( solution of manure in water)
  • colloidal sulfur
  • Topaz
  • Fast as

All listed tools likeUsually used to spray flowers of phlox.

Why the follicles twist, turn yellow and turn black: what should I do?

Why do yellow leaves turn black and spin off in phlox? Why do the leaves turn yellow and black in phlox?
  • The causes of twisting, yellowing and blackening of leaves in phloxes can be many - both pest and disease damage and improper care.
  • For example, in case of inadequate watering, the lower leaves of the phlox begin to turn yellow and then completely dry up
  • Long rains, And then a sharp drought can also cause drying of the lower leaves of the phlox
  • Excessive moisture is not the norm for phloxes - it can lead to the death of the plant
  • Too thickly planted shrubsPhloxes are most often covered by cracks along the entire length of the stem. The reasons for this phenomenon can also be an excess of moisture or nitrogen in the soil. How to handle phlox from disease?

How do phloxes work against diseases?

Than treat phlox from disease?

It is believed that in order to cure phlox and prevent the spread of the disease to other plants, it is best to cut off diseased leaves or even remove the diseased phlox from the bed.

However, today many gardeners try to do more humanely to fight phlox diseases and try to use the following drugs:

  • for jaundice phlox use antibiotic solutions
  • for powdery mildew - Topaz, copper oxychloride, furacilin solution, ash extract, calcinedsoda soap, copper soap, emulsions and other copper-containing preparations
  • with Septoria leaf spot or - hamster, Bordeaux mixture, oksihom
  • at vertitselleznom stems wilt - glyCladin or trichodermine
  • with rust - Bordeaux fluid, iron vitriol, copper oxychloride
  • with phomosis - skor, maxime, foundation or vector

Phlox Drummonda annual - varieties: photo

Planting and caring for drumsmond flocs Phlox Drummond

Phlox Drummond -This is a one-year, sun-loving and unpretentious sort of phlox. In height, such phloxes, as a rule, reach no more than 50 cm.

Among the most popular in our country varieties of phlox Drummond include:

Undersized

Phlox Drummond Defiance

Phlox Drummond snow globe

Phlox drummond beauty in raspberry Phlox Drummond Beauty in a raspberry
Phlox Drummond Leucantenum Phlox Drummond Leukantenum
Phlox Drummond Phlox DrummondInviting star
Phlox salmone drimmond Phlox Drummond Salmon

High large-flowered

Phlox Drummond high bright red Phlox Drummond High bright red
Phlox Drummond high white Phlox Drummond High white

Drummond Phlox annual - growing from seed

Phlox Drummond Drummond Phlox - growing from seed
  • embark Drummond phlox seeds can be like in the spring and late autumn or early winter. The fact is that this plant is rather winter-hardy, therefore it will not die in severe frosts and snowfalls.
  • If you still dare to winter planting, and your latitude is characterized by a fairly warm winter, the seeds are planted phlox is best in late December or early January( as stated in the national signs: "When the last leaf falls from cherry").
  • If, after landing, an unplanned thaw has begun, the landing site should be covered with a non-woven cloth to protect the plant from sudden growth under the influence of sunlight. When the thaw has passed, the canvas will have to be removed.
  • If the planting of Phloxes Drummond is planned for the spring, then it is best to produce it in late April - early May. To do this, in the designated area it is necessary to make small holes at a distance of 15 to 25 cm from each other( depending on the height and width of the bush) and pour them with water. When the water in the holes is absorbed, they need to put in a couple of seeds and fill them with earth. Planted seeds are best covered with spunbond or lutrasil. When the first shoots appear, the shelter can be removed.
  • After emergence of sprouts, the ground around them needs to be loosened, they themselves must be decontaminated( if there are more than three sprouts) and fed up with a liquid nitrogen fertilizer.
  • A week later, nitrogen fertilizers will need to be introduced again.
  • With the appearance of the first floral ovaries, it is advisable to feed Drummond phloxes with complex fertilizers.

Phlox Drummond: when to plant seedlings?

Phlox Drummond When planted sprouts of Drummmond phlox?

To sow the seeds of Drummond phlox to seedlings at home is necessary in early March.

In the open ground germinated plants, as a rule, are planted after the last frosts - approximately in early May.

How to feed phlox for abundant flowering? Which fertilizer will help to improve the flowering of phloxes?

What fertilizer will help improve the flowering of phlox?

Phloxes can be fed with organic and mineral fertilizers. For each stage of development of plants is best to use fertilizer, suitable for this particular stage:

  • Even before the snow melts, you can fertilize the soil organo-mineral dressings: 20 g of ammonium nitrate, 150 g of wood ash and 60 g superphosphate
  • During tying buds phlox can fertilize(Manure / water ratio 1 to 25), as well as ammonium nitrate( 30 g per bucket of water)
  • During the flowering period, it is desirable to feed phloxes with nitrogen potassium fertilizers: a litter solution of 20 g sulpotassium veil and superphosphate fertilizer Flower or ready Agricola for flowering plants

What to plant next to the phlox? What to put next to phloxes?

What to plant next to the phlox?

In order for the flower bed with the phlox planted on it to look more beautiful, it is necessary to know which plants can and should be planted next to these bright handsome people. Here are a few examples of the flowers and plants that will look harmoniously next to phlox:

During the summer

  • aster alpine
  • undersized bell
  • erigeron
  • geranium
  • clove-travyanka
  • veronica
  • smartweed

in summer-autumn period

  • Astilbe
  • host
  • lungwort
  • meadow-rue
  • Siberian iris

The spring neIRS

  • dwarf iris
  • primrose
  • saxifrage

In autumn

  • snowdrops
  • crocuses
  • Scilla Difolia
  • pygmy barberry Tunberka
  • spirea

No matter, At what time the flowering of phloxes is happening, the following plants will successfully look with them:

  • dwarf wormwood
  • chaser
  • pirate
  • edelweiss
  • fry
  • peony
  • lily
  • pyrethrum
  • somedago
  • kampanuly
  • lupins
  • helenium
  • delphiniums
  • oriental poppy

How to plant and take care of the phlox: Video

Disease and treatment of phlox: Video